Budget Blog

Last week, Senator Murray joined former Secretary of State Hillary Clinton, Minority Leader Pelosi, Senator Gillibrand, and Congresswoman DeLauro to speak about “Why Women’s Economic Security Matters for All” at the Center for American Progress. Senator Murray highlighted the importance of investing in early learning to help children get a strong start, explained why child care helps women succeed in the workforce, and made the case that the U.S. should prioritize these important investments.

Man-made climate change is a real threat to the security and fiscal health of our country, and responding to it is one of the most important challenges that we face.  Just this weekend over 300,000 people from all over the world marched in New York City to draw attention to the threats of climate change and call for action. 

While the environmental impacts of climate change are well known, attention is increasingly being paid to the fiscal impacts of a warming planet. Chairman Murray held a hearing on the economic and budgetary consequences of climate change. Last month, she released a memo on the fiscal impacts of climate change to her Senate colleagues, where she laid out how climate change will add hundreds of billions of dollars to the federal deficit over the next decade if left unaddressed. “If you care about the deficit, you need to care about climate change,” Chairman Murray said.

Last week, Office of Management and Budget (OMB) Director Shaun Donovan spoke out about the fiscal impacts of climate change. Yesterday, Treasury Secretary Jack Lew talked about the economic and budgetary costs of further inaction.

Climate change will harm economic growth, which will hurt job creation and reduce federal revenues.  One of the most trusted economic models available projects that four degrees Celsius of warming will eventually result in a worldwide economic reduction of 3.5 percent of global GDP per year. We know that slower growth hurts the federal bottom line. For example, the Congressional Budget Office estimates that even a small reduction in real GDP growth of just 0.1 percent per year would worsen the deficit and add to the debt by more than $300 billion over the course of the 10-year window.

The longer we wait the more expensive it will be to address climate change. The White House Council of Economic Advisors predicts that the cost of addressing climate change will rise by approximately 40 percent each decade in which action is delayed. Secretary Lew pointed out at the Hamilton Project that, “[i]f the fiscal burden from climate change continues to rise, it will create budgetary pressures that will force hard tradeoffs, larger deficits or higher taxes. These tradeoffs would make it more challenging to invest in growth, meet the needs of an aging population, and provide for our national defense.”

At the Center for American Progress, Director Donovan said: “The failure to invest in climate solutions and climate preparedness doesn’t get you membership in a Fiscal Conservatives’ Caucus – it makes you a member of the Flat Earth Society. The costs of climate change add up and ignoring the problem only makes it worse.”

These costs add up throughout the budget. In the past decade, the federal government spent nearly three times as much on natural disaster relief as it had in the previous decade. Without addressing climate change, maintaining our transportation infrastructure could cost as much as 20 percent more than it would in the absence of a warming planet. More than $100 billion a year in federal nutrition support programs and benefits is tied directly to food prices, which will rise with unabated climate change.

For more information about how climate change will impact the federal budget, please watch July’s hearing or read Chairman Murray’s memo to her colleagues. 

Yesterday, Senator Murray was honored with the Terrel H. Bell Award for Outstanding Education Advocacy at a Committee for Education Funding gala. The Committee for Education Funding is a nonprofit, nonpartisan coalition of education associations dedicated to adequate federal funding on education. Past winners of the Terrel H. Bell Award include President Obama and former President Clinton.

As she accepted the award, Murray spoke about how she was inspired to advocate for education when her children’s preschool was facing cuts, and discussed the work she has done since to protect investments in education:

“As Chairman of the Budget Committee, I made it a priority to have witnesses at our hearings who could put a face to the issue—and make sure my colleagues understood that this wasn’t just about numbers on a page, it was about real people, and real lives.

“I brought in teachers and students, moms and dads. People who ought to have a voice at the table—who ought to have their stories heard—but too often don’t. I went back home to Washington state,  I visited Head Start centers, talked to families impacted by the cuts—and then I came back here to D.C. to share their stories on the Senate floor. 

“The two year deal we reached set bipartisan spending levels through the end of next year. It replaced almost two-thirds of this year’s across-the-board cuts to education and other domestic investments.”

Senator Murray has fought for continued investment in our nation’s future through early childhood, K12, higher education and training programs. In April, Murray stressed the impact of education and training on economic mobility in a hearing on Opportunity, Mobility, and Inequality in Today’s Economy and continued to highlight these issues in a May hearing with Education Secretary Arne Duncan on the President’s Fiscal Year 2015 Education Budget Request.

Read Senator Murray’s full remarks at the Committee for Education Funding gala here.

Murray CEF

Throughout the month of August, Senator Murray has been calling on her colleagues to support American exports by reauthorizing the Export-Import (Ex-Im) Bank. At the end of this month, the authorization of the Ex-Im Bank will expire and jeopardize billions of dollars of American exports and hundreds of thousands of jobs spread out across every state.

In fiscal year 2013, the Bank supported $37.4 billion in American exports from 3,413 exporters, with 90% of the transactions involving small businesses. The Bank operates from fees that it charges, and returned over $1 billion in revenue in the last fiscal year, after covering its operating expenses. Over the next 10 years, the Congressional Budget Office estimates the Bank will return about $14 billion. 

Reauthorizing the Bank has always been routine. According to the Congressional Research Service, the Ex-Im Bank’s authorization has been extended 45 times since 1945. It is time to give American businesses the confidence they need by giving the Bank the authority to continue operating with the funds that they themselves raise.

Read Senator Murray's letter to Speaker Boehner from July calling for a vote here.

See more of Senator Murray's outreach on the Export-Import Bank: 

Senator Murray visited Shuga Jazz Bistro in Renton, Washington to talk to a group of Washington state women about the challenges that they face and policies she is working on back in D.C. to expand opportunity for women. Senator Murray spoke with the group about the burden of high student loan payments, the need for more affordable child care, and why the Paycheck Fairness Act would make a difference for women and families.
Yesterday, Senator Murray visited the University of Washington’s South Lake Campus with Dr. Francis Collins, Director of the National Institutes of Health to discuss the importance of continued investment in biomedical research and innovation to continue global leadership in the field, improve public health, and ensure that the U.S. workforce in the field grows. Murray and Director Collins toured the university’s medical research labs to see some of the work being done with federal research investments, and met with local leaders in global health and biomedical research to discuss healthcare innovation moving forward.
Yesterday, Senator Murray hosted a roundtable discussion in Everett with local advocates on women’s economic empowerment. Sen. Murray is currently leading a Congressional push to strengthen economic security and expand opportunity for women and their families, and believes that our country’s economic success, and that of middle class families, goes hand in hand with women’s economic success. The roundtable discussion highlighted a range of issues and policies to help women and their families succeed, including closing the pay gap, raising the minimum wage, making child care more affordable, and getting tuition costs down.
In less than 60 days, the authorization for the Export-Import (Ex-Im) Bank will expire and jeopardize billions of dollars of American exports. The Ex-Im Bank is an independent and self-sustaining agency that provides financing for exporting American goods and services when private banks are unable to do so. In fiscal year 2013, the Bank supported $37.4 billion in American exports from 3,413 exporters, with 90% of the transactions involving small businesses. Since 2007, the Bank has supported over $111 billion in exports from Washington State alone, boosting a wide range of industries from aerospace to agriculture. The Bank operates from fees that it charges, and returned over $1 billion in revenue in the last fiscal year, after covering its operating expenses. Over the next 10 years, the Congressional Budget Office estimates the Bank will return about $14 billion.

This year’s Medicare and Social Security Trustees Report projects that Medicare will remain solvent for four years longer than was projected last year, in part as a result of cost saving measures in the Affordable Care Act (ACA). 

In 2009, the Trustees projected that the Medicare Trust Fund would be exhausted in 2017. This year, just five years later, they project the Medicare Trust Fund will remain solvent until 2030. This 13-year increase in Medicare’s solvency is due in part to cost-saving reforms in the ACA, such as reducing preventable readmissions by giving hospitals a strong financial incentive to properly treat patients the first time. These trends are helping seniors today, as the Trustees predict that current Medicare beneficiaries will see no premium increase in 2015.

“The Trustees Report shows that the Affordable Care Act is continuing to help responsibly bend the health care cost curve, while increasing the quality of health care services for families across the country. This is making a difference for family budgets and the federal budget, and we need to build on this progress with additional reforms that drive health care costs down responsibly,” said Senate Budget Committee Chairman Patty Murray (D-WA).

You can read the entire report here.